AbstractThe motivation of this research is the research of the authors (Herman and Georgescu, 2012; Dwiningwarni, 2016). The problems are: 1) Former TKW are mostly unemployed, 2) Former TKW mostly do not have independent businesses. The specific purpose of the research is to produce a policy recommendation on the empowerment of former TKW. The data collection method uses PAR and FGD. The method of analysis uses descriptive qualitative. The results showed that: 1) There is no of data on the of former TKW at the district, sub-district and village levels, 2) 80% of respondents were productive (30 - 50 years), had never received training from the district government, used their work to improve their homes, buy cattle, rice fields and motorized vehicles, do not have an independent business, have no fixed income; 3) Providing training and capital can increase income and reduce poverty; 4) There is a great need for policies that touch and siding with former TKW.
Balcazar, F. E. et al. (2014) ‘An empowerment model of entrepreneurship for people with disabilities in the United States’, Psychosocial Intervention. Colegio Oficial de Psicologos de Madrid, 23(2), pp. 145–150. doi: 10.1016/j.psi.2014.07.002. Chamhuri, N. H., Karim, H. A. and Hamdan, H. (2012) ‘Conceptual Framework of Urban Poverty Reduction : A review of literature’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier B.V., 68, pp. 804–814. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.12.268. Cheasakul, U. and Varma, P. (2016) ‘The influence of passion and empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior of teachers mediated by organizational commitment’, Contaduria y Administracion. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Contaduría y Administración, 61(3), pp. 422–440. doi: 10.1016/j.cya.2016.04.003. Dwiningwarni, S. S. (2016) ‘Ex-Migrant Worker: An Assesment Problem (Study In The District Tulung Agung)’, in International Conference on Economics, Business and Social Sciences (ICEBUSS) 2016. Malang: Faculty of Economics University of Islam Malang, p. 122. Available at: http://icebuss.org/download/. Herman, E. and Georgescu, M. A. (2012) ‘Employment Strategy for Poverty Reduction. A Romanian Perspective’, in Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, pp. 406–415. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.1017. Latifah, S. W., Jati, A. W. and Erna Retna R (2016) ‘Pemberdayaan Mantan Tki Melalui Pengembangan Usaha Berbasis Potensi Lokal’, Jurnal Bisnis, Manajemen & Perbankan, 2(1), pp. 67–80. Quiñones, M., Van den Broeck, A. and De Witte, H. (2015) ‘Do job resources affect work engagement via psychological empowerment? A mediation analysis’, Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Elsevier, 29(3), pp. 127–134. doi: 10.5093/tr2013a18. Sraboni, E. et al. (2014) ‘Women’s empowerment in agriculture: What role for food security in Bangladesh?’, World Development. Elsevier Ltd, 61, pp. 11–52. doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.03.025. Subramaniam, G. et al. (2013) ‘Workplace Flexibility, Empowerment and Quality of Life’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier B.V., 105, pp. 885–893. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.11.090. Welsh, D. H. B., Memili, E. and Kaciak, E. (2016) ‘An empirical analysis of the impact of family moral support on Turkish women entrepreneurs’, Journal of Innovation & Knowledge. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 1(1), pp. 3–12. doi: 10.1016/j.jik.2016.01.012. Zulu, L. C. and Richardson, R. B. (2013) ‘Charcoal, livelihoods, and poverty reduction: Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa’, Energy for Sustainable Development. International Energy Initiative. Published by Elsevier Inc., 17(2), pp. 127–137. doi: 10.1016/j.esd.2012.07.007.